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Amethyst Stone Properties

Publised on Oct 15,2013

Summary:

Gemstone: Amethyst
Other Names: Jamunia, Kathela
Ruling Planet : Saturn ( Shani )
Moh’s Scale : 7.0
Specific Gravity: 2.65
Signs Ruled: Capricorn ( Makar ), Aquarius ( Kumbh )
Metal to Wear in: Silver or Platinum
Origin: South America, Africa, Soviet Union, Western India, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Uruguay

Detailed Properties of Amethyst Gemstone:

Amethyst Gemstone or Jamunia ( in Hindi ) is a traditional birthstone for the people born in the month of February. The purple colored semi precious stone is in huge demand in different parts of the world.

• The gemstone has a rating of 7.0 on the Moh’s scale of mineral hardness and the specific gravity index is 2.65.
• Amethyst stone can be found in a variety of shades of purple and violet colors.
• The color of the stone is because of the presence of trace element impurities like iron or some other transition elements.
• Amethyst is used for making ornamental jewelry such as bracelets, pendants, charms, rings, etc. The intoxicating property of the stone makes it a suitable choice for making cups or glasses as well.Amethyst - Jamunia Stone

How are they formed?

Amethyst is created due the occurrence of shifts and pressure in the earth’s crust. The crystalline gemstone belongs to the quartz family. The color of the Amethyst stone is attributed to irradiation and the presence of trace element impurities like iron or some other transition elements- manganese, sulfur. The fractures or rippling in the gemstone tends to give rise to thumb markings in the crystal. Amethyst gemstone is formed in mineral rich soil, various igneous & metamorphic rocks, caves and stones. The semi precious stone is mined using the processes of surface mining and quarrying. Another gemstone Citrine (yellow orange in color) is also formed by heating Amethyst.

Where are they found?

Amethyst gemstones are found in various places around the world namely in countries like South America, Africa, Soviet Union, Western India, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Uruguay etc. Siberia, Sri Lanka and Brazil are the renowned producers of optimum quality Amethyst Stones across the globe. However, Uruguay and Brazil are the largest producers of the gemstone.

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