Most of the gem names have an interesting story behind. A majority of gemstones name come from the Latin or Greek root that refers to a particular trait of the gem. The place of discovery or the name of person who identified it first can also be an inspiration behind a gems name.
Here we have showcased a comprehensive list of crystals and gemstones by their name in A to Z order. You can click on the pictures of gemstones to read their comprehensive buying guide and browse their impressive catalogue. The products enlisted in our catalogue contain images of each gemstone from different angles and a high-definition video of the front and back to provide a real-time shopping experience.
Apatite Cats eye
Types of Gemstones Lists
Different stones are categorised into different species, varieties and groups based on their composition, market value, purpose and cutting style. Here you can find a simplified categorisation of different types of gemstones which are available on our website. At GemPundit, we have featured a quality selection of the rarest to the most common gemstones to suit varying customer needs.
1. List of Gemstones by Species
This list of gemstones is organised on the basis of their composition.
– These are the beautiful inorganic crystals which are cut and polished to form different kinds of gems. They are identified by their chemical compositions, unique colour, luster, hardness and the distinct marks and streaks (inclusions) present inside them. E.g. – Sapphire s, Emerald etc.
– These gems are composed of the fossilized living organism or organic substance produced by a living body. Pearl , Red Coral, Amber and White Coral are the most widely known organic gemstones.
– Certain rare and beautiful rocks are also considered gemstones though they are not minerals. These rocks are carefully cut and polished to form faceted gems and cabochons for healing, for making jewelry or for collection purposes. E.g. – Obsidian , Bloodstone etc.
2. List of Gemstones by Value
– Gemstones which highly valued for their immense rarity and high-end beauty are known as Precious stones. Amongst different gems, there are only four precious stones – Ruby, Sapphire, Emerald & Diamond. Learn more about these precious gemstones, their quality, meanings and price here.
– All other types of gemstones are considered semi-precious. Calling these gemstones ‘semi-precious’ doesn’t mean that they are cheap gemstones. It is because these gemstones are relatively more abundant in nature. Read our notes on Semi-precious stones to learn more about them.
3. List on Gemstones by Purpose
Since antiquity, gemstones have served mankind in different ways. For some, a gemstone is an expression of love while for others it’s a saviour to cope up with the troublesome situations of life. Many people find gemstones as an attractive form of investment. Here, we have differentiated various types of stones and gems based on their use or purpose.
– Gemstones hold a great significance in the Indian astrology and are regagemstone which can be worn to harness the energies of the particular celestial body like Ruby represents planet Sun, read more.
Healing gemstones – Many gemstones and crystals are said to have the ability to heal the wearer’s body, mind and soul. It is believed that these stones and crystals offer powerful healing benefits when placed on the right chakra. E.g. – Spinel , Moldavite etc.
– These are the fancy coloured gems which are primarily used for the beautification of ornaments. Though all types of gems can be used for ornamentation purpose, jewellery gemstones are those common gems which are exclusively used for jewellery making. E.g. – Morganite , Kunzite , Tsavorite etc.
– Many times, consumers (gem enthusiasts or collectors) raise their request for rare and unusual gems. Our gemologists pay special attention to such demands and never mind in tapping the world’s difficult terrains to select an impressive inventory of rare and unique gemstones for collection purposes like the No Oil Emerald , Kashmir Blue Sapphires , Pigeon Blood Burmese Rubies etc.
4. List of Gemstone based on Cut
– It refers to all types of gems which have facets or cuts on their surface in order to enhance their overall brilliance and luster. The gemstones with good transparent and superior clarity are often cut to form faceted gems.
– A cabochon (often addressed as a ‘Cab’) is a gem with a well shaped and polished convex (round or oval) top with a flat or slightly domed base. Opaque or semi-translucent gemstones are often shaped as cabochons.
– These are the types of gemstones which are cut to a standard size to suit the requirement of the commercial jewellery industry.
Gemstones by Color
A gem color largely depends on its chemical composition and crystalline structure. Different gemstones contain element traces in varying amount which lend them a unique colour. The colour of different types of gemstones is so enormous that no exact term defines every individual tone. At GemPundit, you can find genuine gemstones in over 1000 different colour varieties, combinations and tones.
Here we have prepared a gemstone chart around their color families for an easy access.
– Ruby, Red Coral, Red Garnet, Rubellite, Red Tourmaline, Carnelian and Red Zircon etc.
– Blue Sapphire, Amethyst, Blue Topaz, Aquamarine, Blue Topaz, Blue Touramaline, Blue Opal, Howlite, Turquoise, Kyanite, Paraiba Tourmaline and Blue Zircon etc.
– Emerald, Alexandrite, Peridot, Beryl, Aventurine, Jade, Jadeite, Bloodstone, Chrome diopside, Malachite, Chrome Tourmaline, Green Sapphire, Green Tourmaline, Green Onyx and Moldavite etc.
– Yellow Sapphire, Citrine, Yellow, Amber, Yellow Fluorite, Yellow/Golden Beryl, Heliodor and Yellow Zircon etc.
– Hessonite, Chrysoberyl Cats eye, Smoky Quartz etc.
– Black Tourmaline, Obsidian, Schorl Tourmaline, Black Spinel etc.
– Opal, Pearls, Moonstone, White Coral and Rainbow Moonstone etc.
– White Sapphire, White Zircon and White Topaz etc.
Bicolour or Multicoloured
Gemstones – Pitambari Neelam, Bicolour Sapphire and Watermelon Tourmaline etc.
A gemstone is a rare, precious and durable mineral, organic material or rock which can be cut and polished to be used in jewelry and other decoratives. In the market, gemstones can be found in different colors, shape and size. Humankind has always been fascinated by gemstones and their beauty.
Since ancient times, this gemstone has been used for astrological, healing and jewelry purposes. Beside its innate beauty, gemstones are said to have an extra layer of meaning. In Indian traditional, gemstones are considered quite sacred and are regarded as a source of positivity, power and healing.
In the western tradition, gemstones are mostly worn as birthstones and lucky charms. Some people are fascinated by the ever-growing market value of these tiny sparkles and they find gemstones as a very attractive source of investment.
Gemstones are considered valuable because they are formed in hundreds, thousands and sometimes even millions of years going through harsh elements and eternal seasons. Each gemstone is unique in terms of colour tone, shape, size and internal features. With the passing time and increasing popularity, the availability of natural gemstones is decreasing causing a susbtaintial increase in the cost of mining. All these factors affect a gem’s value.
In the market, gemstones are priced according to their color, clarity, cut, origin, demand and rarity. All these factors create an influence on the gem’s overall worth.
Buying gemstones online is absolutely fine as long as you are dealing with the credible seller and an authentic store. To ensure a safe and rewarding gemstone shopping experience, it is always advisable to choose a gem retailer or a gemstone website that is serving the industry since a considerable number of years and is conscious of its brand value. They must have quality information, good choices in product and a flexible return policy for the customers.
To make online gemstone shopping easier, www.gempundit.com takes the responsibility to provide superior quality, certified gemstones and gemstone jewelry at unmatchable price rates to the buyers sitting in every corner of the world. We are always at their service with our extensive catalogue, expert buying guides, high-quality videos and images of gemstones and LIVE customer support facility to provide a real-time shopping experience. We also pamper our customers with our amazing Return and Refund policy, EMI options, FREE lab certification of gemstones and worldwide shipping facility to make the buyers as comfortable as possible. Our main priority is always to provide the top-notch quality gemstones at best price deals.