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Types of Tourmalines

Published on Jun 24, 2020

Tourmaline is a group of interrelated minerals with similar crystal structures. They make for unreasonably beautiful and sought-after gemstones. These durable gems are seen in a variety of attractive tones like green, red, multicolor, and many more. It is not just popular jewelry gemstone but some of its varieties are also used for astrological purposes, that are known for their specific tourmaline benefits .

Tourmaline Gemstone Image source: CF Brandt Jewelers

Let us have a quick look at different varieties of Tourmalines for better understanding

  • Schorl (Black Tourmaline)

    is a beautiful form of tourmaline. It can be seen in black, dark bluish-black or dark greenish-black and, unlike other varieties, is never transparent or translucent.
  • Elbaite

    is found in essentially every color of the rainbow. Many of the green and blue specimens have interesting optical properties like Pleochroism i.e they display different shades when viewed from different angles.
  • Achroite

    is the colorless variety of elbaite tourmaline. It is very rare and is exceptionally prized by collectors.
  • Rubellite

    is a natural gemstone from the colorful family of the elbaite. Its color ranges from red to violet to pale and dramatic pink due presence of iron and manganese. Its name is derived from the Latin word “rubellus” that translates to reddish in English. Its rarity and charm make it a highly luxurious gem.
  • Indicolite

    is a highly valuable variety of elbaite tourmalines. Its hues vary from lighter to deep, intense blues due to the presence of iron. Cutting indicolite requires great skill, as it is heavily pleochroic and seems darker when viewed from certain angles.
  • Verdelite

    is the green elbaite tourmaline and is seen in varying shades of green due to the presence of iron and titanium. Some Verdelites are so saturated that the right light is necessary to view the body color.
  • Watermelon

    Tourmaline is a variety of Elbaite Tourmaline with a pink center and a green perimeter around the outside, just like the pattern usually seen in a watermelon fruit.
  • Siberite

    is a type of Elbaite Tourmaline with colors varying from lavender, violet, or violet-red to purple.
  • Liddicoatite

    is a rare form of Tourmaline, substantially similar in chemical composition to Elbaite. It was not seen as a separate Tourmaline species until 1977 as before that time, it was considered to be Elbaite. It displays beautiful triangular cross-sections of color and is seen in a variety of hues like pink, red, green-brown or blue, or a combination of all.
  • Dravite

    is the Brown Tourmaline that develops in crude uninteresting formation. Nevertheless, some of the high-quality specimens are shaped into lustrous beautiful gems. Dravite is named after Dravograd, in Slovenia, the area where Dravite was originally described.
  • Bi-color tourmalines

    are a rare type of Tourmalines, where two or more distinct color crystals develop together to become one beautiful gem. Most often these gems feature a sequence of pink and green or some variation.
  • Paraiba Tourmaline

    is a unique variety of Tourmaline. It is seen in a variety of hues like Neon Blue, Green, and Blue-Green due to the presence of copper and manganese. It was earlier mined from Brazil, but now we have other deposits from Nigeria and Mozambique.
  • Cat's eye tourmaline

    exhibits chatoyancy due to the presence of parallel inclusions consisting of fairly large hollow tubes. Since the hollow tubes are moderately big in diameter they produce the cat's eye effect.
  • Chrome Tourmaline

    is an intense green tourmaline that is colored by chromium and vanadium. The color varies from strong bluish-green to very slightly yellowish-green.

If you are looking for your favorite Tourmaline , browse through a beautiful collection of original tourmalines available online at GemPundit.

All these gems are natural and free from any treatment. Not just that, GemPundit provides a free gem lab certificate with each item with all information mentioned explicitly on it. You can also get your gem customized in a piece of jewelry just as per your taste.

[Click To Know: Properties of Tourmaline Stone]

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