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Phalguna - The 12th lunar month of the Hindu calendar

Published on Jun 20, 2020

Phalguna is considered highly auspicious month according to Hindu mythology. The name itself is symbolic of the importance that this month holds. Phala means fruit and Guna means character, which denotes sweet character or meritorious character. Many festivals come during this last month of the year.

There are two ways to mark the lunar month in the Hindu calendar. In one, the lunar month is marked from Purnima to Purnima (known as Purnimanta calendar) and in the other, lunar month is marked from Amavasya to Amavasya (known as Amanta calendar).

Phalguna Image source: Isha Foundations

The new moon and full moon days are considered highly auspicious. On the other hand, Amavasya or no-moon day is not regarded as preferable for performing auspicious ceremonies. Amavasya is a day meant for ancestors’ worship. This day also marks the onset of the growth phase of the moon, the bright Shukla Paksha.

Sun transits from Aquarius to Pisces during Phalguna. Apart from the pleasant weather, Phalguna Month also brings in a fleet of celebrations. The month is split into two halves, the Krishna paksha, and Shukla paksha according to the waning phases of Moon.

Phalguna masa marks the birth of Sri Raghavendra Swamy of Mantralaya. It is also the month when Arjuna, the Pandava, was born. The month of Phalguna also marks the end of the year in the Hindu calendar, as it is the last, 12th month.

The festivals which fall in the month of Phalguna are Vijay Ekadashi, MahaShivratri, Holi ka Dahan, Holi, and Amalaki Ekadashi.

  • MahaShivratri

    - Shivaratri is on the 21st of Feb this year. The festival celebrates the convergence of Lord Shiva and Parvathi. This festival also falls in the Krishna paksha half of the Phalguna month.
  • Holi ka Dahan

    - Holi ka Dahan, also called as Choti Holi in many parts of India, is falling on 10th March 2020. It’s been said that Lord Brahma had gifted Holika the power to withstand fire. Holika sat on fire with Prahlad to burn him in fire and let to death. It was Prahlad’s prayers to Lord Vishnu that saved him from burning in fire. It was the protective shawl of Holika that flew to cover Prahlad’s body.
  • Holi

    - The festival of colors, Holi, is one of the biggest festivals for Hindus. While Holi is celebrated throughout India, the celebrations in the Braj region- Mathura, Vrindavan, Govardhan, Gokul, Nandgaon, and Barsana, where lord Krishna’s had spent most of his life, are most famous regions for Holi celebration.
  • Vijay Ekadashi

    - According to the Hindu lunar calendar, the auspicious day comes in the Krishna paksha of Phalguni month. It is believed that Lord Sri Ram was able to demolish Ravana without any obstacle for Ram kept his fast and observed Vijay Ekadashi. The fasting and celebrations help in cleansing the body and avoiding obstacles that hinder success.
  • Amalaki Ekadashi

    – It is considered as a sacred fasting day for Hindus. It is believed that by observing Amalaki Ekadashi, the person reaches to the abode of lord Vishnu, 'Vaikunth'. The rituals and significance of Amalakiekadashiare mentioned in the 'Brahmanda Purana' and was also narrated by Saint 'Valmiki'.

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