What is Garnet stone?
Garnet refers to a group of minerals found in igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks throughout the world. But specifically speaking, garnet is the term used for deep red color of these silicate minerals. Each member of this family has distinct chemical composition and properties. The Garnet, in general is the stone of health having excellent healing properties. Since Bronze Age, this gemstone has been used for ornamental as well as curative purposes by humans.
The name Garnet is believed to come from Greek word Granatum meaning pomegranate due to resemblance of this stone to the pomegranate seeds. In ancient scriptures, it is mentioned to be a sacred stone used by all the civilizations including Egyptians, Aztecs, and American Indians for making talisman to protect against evils. All the forms of garnet have a common crystal structure and include varieties like almandine, grossular, spessartite, pyrope, andradite, and uvarovite.
What are the properties of Garnet stone ?
They are the nesosilicate minerals with hardness varying from 6.5 to 7.5 on Moh’s scale. Almandine is the hard variety which is also used as abrasive. The rarest and most precious variety of Garnet is Demantoid which is emerald green in shade and hails from the Andradite group.
Garnet has always been used for its excellent healing properties to cure diseases related to blood, heart, bone, spine, DNA, lungs, skin, cellular structure, and anemia.
- Other Names:Tamara
- Month: January
Hardness on Moh’s Scale: 6.5- 7.5
- Specific Gravity:3.1- 4.3
- Category:Mineral Silicate
- Diaphaneity:Transparent to translucent
- Streak:Blue, Green, Reddish Brown, Purple, Pink, Black, colorless
- Origin:Africa, Madagascar, Kenya, Thailand, USA, Sri Lanka, Spain, Namibia, India, Canada, Brazil, Czech Republic.
Their different chemical composition renders different physical properties in them including the color and hardness. Like the green Garnets with low specific gravity and hardness are composed of calcium while iron Garnets have greater hardness and typical red color specific to this gemstone. Red Garnet stimulates Base and Crown chakras in the body removing the negative energies from them. Each Garnet opens different chakras and hence possesses varied properties as well.
The Blue variety of Garnetsis the rarest form of this stone and it changes in hues due to amount of Vanadium present in them. Mostly, these garnets are mined in Madagascar, Tanzania, Turkey, Russia, and United States. While transparent varieties of Garnets are used for gemological purposes, their opaque versions are used for industrial uses including abrasives, water filtration granules, and waterjet cutting. Rhodolite and deep red Almandine are the most commonly used Garnets in Gem trade. Garnet is said to bring fortunes in business and reduce the stress from the mind of wearer. This induces its usage in jewelry items.
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